In France, depression is a very common disease. L’Inserm (National Institute of Health and Medical Research) estimates that 20% of the French population will be affected by this disease at least once in their lifetime. Although depression is often mistaken for a temporary state of depression, in reality it is not. Indeed, this long-lasting pathology can become serious if not properly treated, and can even lead a patient to suicide as a last resort.
It is characterized by various symptoms more or less pronounced in an individual but which overlap: anxiety, fatigue, lack of motivation, etc… If antidepressants and anxiolytics often accompany therapies in order to help patients, other substances such as CBD can have an interesting impact on depression. Indeed, this legal molecule derived from cannabis can induce positive effects on the psychological, physical and behavioral state of an individual by acting directly on the mood of the latter.
What are the effects of CBD?
In cannabis, 2 molecules are particularly studied for their effects: THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol).
This second substance is much less controversial than the first one, despite some confusion. It is found today in many products such as :
- oil, balms, flowers, capsules and other food supplements.
Its consumers often refer to it as a natural therapeutic treatment with relaxing effects. But, the active molecule of cannabis CBD is still under study. To date, it is not included in the list of authorized drugs as such. But, unlike THC, it is not on the list of prohibited drugs in France (1). Still under study, CBD would have little or no side effects and would not cause any addiction like its cousin molecule THC. To summarize:
- CBD is legal, full of virtues but does not officially cure.
Most scientific studies do not rule out the potential risk of disorders associated with CBD intake due to its origin (cannabis). However, in the majority of cases, they show significant improvements on :
- stress, pain, insomnia and depression
These benefits would be directly related to the action of CBD on our endocannabinoid system:
- Cannabidiol would mimic and reinforce the effects of endocannabinoids (cannabinoids naturally present in our body).
A majority of tests and scientific research show real positive effects of CBD on health. If the latter are confirmed, its use could then compete with or complement that of :
- anti-inflammatories, analgesics, anxiolytics and antidepressants
Some definitions around CBD and depression
- Depression: Depression is a real illness in the medical sense of the term and not a temporary condition. Very common, especially in developed countries like France, its consequences on social, professional and emotional life are often significant, not to say paralyzing. This psychosomatic disease is generated by a severe mood disorder and requires effective medical follow-up.
It is important not to confuse a temporary state of depression with the real pathology that is depression. However, it does not take the same form in all individuals. There are 3 common forms of depression:
- neurotic/psychotic: neurotic depression is an attenuated form of psychotic depression. The contact with reality is altered to a greater or lesser extent depending on the subject and the progress of the disease. It can even sometimes lead to delusions.
- psychogenic / endogenous: the first form is linked to individual psychological aspects that trigger it. The second form is rather due to biological factors.
- Reactionary / autonomous: the first appears following an external event. Autonomous depression does not seem to have any particular triggering factor.
- Antidepressant: as its name indicates, this medication helps reduce the intensity of the symptoms of depression
- Anxiety: more or less conscious expectation of a danger, of a problem to come. An anxious individual anticipates possible problems that may arise. Generation of more or less important and blocking tensions according to the subject.
- Anxiolytic: a psychotropic substance used primarily to combat or reduce anxiety.
- Cannabidiol (CBD): a cannabinoid naturally present in cannabis. It has a solid reputation as a relaxant. It is now found in many products such as cannabis flowers, hemp resin, CBD balms, electronic cigarette liquids, etc,
etc. All these hemp products are sold legally on the French market.
- Serotonin: Neurotransmitter of the nervous system responsible for the digestive and psychological stability of a person.
What type of CBD product is best for depression?
Depression symptoms vs. CBD
The depressive state linked to an illness such as depression is characterized by various psychological, behavioral and/or physical symptoms
- psychological: sadness, anxiety and cognitive disorders
- behavioral: psychomotor slowdown (fatigue), thought paralysis (difficulty concentrating, looped thoughts), suicidal or morbid ideas and behavioral disorders (eating, mood, etc.).
- physical: weight loss or gain, feeling of tightness in the throat and stomach, sleep disorders, libido, digestive and/or cardiovascular (palpitations, hypotension…).
There is no depressed mood without anxiety and vice versa and this is where CBD can be interesting. Indeed, CBD has a more than interesting role in the regulation of mood by acting indirectly on the receptors of our SEC (endocannabinoid system). Although it does not really have affinities with these receptors, it does not bind to them, but it will have an action on a very specific enzyme called FAAH (fatty acid amid hydrolase). This enzyme regulates the concentration of anandamide by degrading it. In the presence of CBD, FAAH is impaired in its function. This discomfort then allows the concentration of anandamide to increase significantly.
Anandamide is an endogenous molecule that participates in the regulation of memory, pain, cognition and especially emotions. It is sometimes described as the “happiness hormone”. Therefore, by preventing the degradation of this molecule, CBD causes a relaxing effect particularly relevant to help a person to get out of a depressive state. In addition, a study from 2019 (3), shows a favorable impact on serotonin release in the presence of CBD. Mood regulation is therefore optimized while reducing anxiety.
What type of CBD product against stress?
With the democratization of CBD in recent years in France and around the world, the range of legal cannabis products has greatly diversified:
- cannabidiol balm,
- vegetable oils of hemp,
- dried flowers and leaves,
- light cannabis resin,
- capsules and seed oil capsules,
- liquids for electronic cigarette..
Each product meets the needs of a specific type of absorption and, as a result, the expectations of increasingly heterogeneous consumers. Despite this,
Cannabis flowers and quality resin remain the most potent popular products. Indeed, their nature allows modes of absorption that optimize the bioavailability (power, quality and speed of effects) of the CBD molecule. As this type of consumption does not undergo digestion (sublingual for the oil and by vaporization for the flowers and resin), cannabidiol is indeed more quickly assimilated by the organization. The oil will have the additional advantage of being able to be dosed more specifically according to the real needs of the individual concerned.
What is the best CBD product for depression?
Like any consumable (food, beverages, …) that respects itself, before buying an item with CBD, it is important to choose the product well. Thus, the consumer gets the best benefits of CBD without the deleterious effects of a questionable composition:
- impeccable quality (organic or sustainable agriculture)
- traceability of the proposed products
Our internet store,
offers products free of any reproach. Push the door of our Bistrot with closed eyes and choose among our flagship products with confidence.
Before purchasing any CBD anti-stress product, we recommend consulting a physician. Especially if you are already taking a treatment (antidepressants, anxiolytics, …) and this, to avoid any interference between the molecules.
What type of CBD product is best for anxiety?
The symptoms of anxiety and their intensity are varied. Whether these symptoms are physical or psychological, they can have a real impact on the daily life of the anxious person:
- psychological symptoms: irritability, difficulty concentrating, inability to project oneself and make plans, emotional dependence, etc.
- physical symptoms: digestive problems, pain, insomnia, fatigue…
As mentioned above, anxiety is a factor in depression and vice versa. The one is not without the other! Therefore, if the treatment of a depressive state (antidepressants) is not the same as the treatment of anxiety (anxiolytics, psychotherapy, etc.), any action that reduces anxiety will lead to a decrease in the depressive state and vice versa. Therefore, the intake of CBD can have a real relevance to help an anxious patient to relativize the negative anticipations induced by his pathology.
As before, we note that taking CBD in the form of cannabis oil can be the most relevant in terms of dosage and effectiveness since the absorption of this product by the body is optimal (especially when taken sub-lingually) and that this product allows a very specific dosage for each individual (number of drops, concentration of the product, frequency…).
Can using CBD be dangerous during depression?
In November 2017, following a meeting of drug addiction experts, the WHO reports on the current health status of CBD:
- If this molecule can in no way be considered at the moment as a drug (studies in progress), it would not lead to any addiction and would not be harmful to health (2).
Side effects of CBD and drug interaction
Based on this report and on the numerous testimonies of consumers of CBD products (oils, resins, flowers, candies, …), this substance extracted from cannabis would not present any danger. However, some side effects may be described:
- The benefits of CBD are very diverse according to opinions: anti stress, lower anxiety and insomnia, anti pain, … However, the muscle relaxation induced by this molecule can sometimes lead (for sensitive people), a slight drowsiness. A sluggish state making an individual unfit for concentration can then be observed. This effect may seem non-existent for the majority of CBD users. However, it is preferable not to consume it just before undertaking an activity requiring concentration, such as driving, in order to avoid all risks of accidents.
- The CBD would have properties of hypotensor. Its consumption is therefore to be avoided for individuals with a naturally low blood pressure.
- Some side effects such as nausea, temporary numbness, diarrhea, irritability and change in appetite are sometimes listed among the testimonies of users. These remarks are not insignificant. However, it is important to remember that on the contrary, CBD is mainly used to fight against these inconveniences.
For obvious reasons, the sale of CBD products found in specialized shops is prohibited to minors. For lack of studies on the effects of CBD on the development of the fetus, it is preferable for the pregnant women not to pregnant women not to consume it.
Can CBD help with antidepressant withdrawal?
Studies conducted at the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP-São Paulo) grant a commendable benefit to CBD on depression. A single dose of cannabidiol would provide prolonged effects (for 7 days in rats) against this disease. This work presented in the journal Molecular Neurobiology (4) suggests that CBD activates mechanisms that repair neuronal circuits in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus (brain area particularly involved in depression). Some symptoms would decrease the same day and the beneficial effects would be maintained for a week.
This result is particularly interesting. In fact, antidepressants take an average of 2 to 4 weeks to have a significant effect on a depressed person. The CBD would thus act more quickly, more effectively and in a more prolonged way than the traditional antidepressants.
Other studies are trying to show that CBD, in addition to being a fast-acting “antidepressant”, could also improve an individual’s response to conventional drug treatment. And this is if they are taken in association.
CBD does not reveal any toxicity as a pure molecule. Moreover, it proves each day a little more its usefulness in the “better being”. However, it can interact with other substances. So beware of drug interactions! Depression is a serious illness. Therefore, before any self-medication with CBD as a therapeutic treatment (stress, depression, anxiety, …), it is preferable to talk to your doctor.
In France as in many countries in Europe, the consumption of CBD products is booming. The majority of opinions regarding the effects of CBD on stress, depression, lack of motivation or anxiety are positive. For all thatIt is important to remember that depression can lead to very serious problems in an individual who is not properly treated. If the use of CBD causes little or no side effects, no change in the state of consciousness, no addiction or dependence and no proven toxicity, the consultation of a doctor is necessary before any self-medication. This is to prevent a potential drug interaction and/or worsening of symptoms related to depression. Indeed, if CBD is not a drug, it is not a medicine either at the moment!
FAQ CBD and Depression
Contrairement au cannabis classique, le chanvre CBD n'est pas psychotrope. En effet, indemne de toute présence de THC, seules les propriétés relaxantes de ce cannabinoïde sont présentes dans un produit CBD légal en France. De ce fait, un produit au CBD apparaît comme particulièrement pertinent pour lutter contre l'anxiété et le stress.
Si le cannabis est souvent assimilé à une drogue, c'est bien pour son caractère psychotrope et addictif. Le cannabidiol (CBD) n'est pas une substance illégale en France. D'une part car il n'agit pas sur le cerveau et, d'autre part, car il n'entraîne aucune addiction. Il est donc important de ne pas confondre le cannabis illégal en France avec THC et les produits légaux issus du chanvre légal au CBD.
Contrairement au THC psychotrope, le CBD ne modifie pas l'activité normale du cerveau. Il n'induit pas l'effet planant et/ou euphorisant souvent décrit par les consommateurs de cannabis classique (avec THC). En d'autres termes, le cannabidiol (CBD) ne défonce pas ce qui rend cette molécule légale en France et dans la majorité des pays européens.
La consommation de cannabis entraîne de nombreux effets secondaires tels que le stress, l'irritabilité et l'addiction. En réalité, la molécule responsable de ces lourds désagréments n'est autre que le THC. Le CBD quant à lui est "safe", il ne présente pas d'effets secondaires importants.
Toutefois, on note dans certains cas rares et temporaires de consommateurs de CBD quelques effets secondaires bénins tels que : assèchement buccal, diminution de l'appétit et somnolence.
Avec l'explosion du marché du CBD ces dernières années, le nombre et le genre de produits contenant du CBD ne font qu'augmenter. Pour ce qui est du meilleur CBD, tout n'est que question de goût personnel. En effet, si une huile bio fullspectrum offre les effets du CBD rapidement et avec efficacité, des produits CBD tels que les fleurs ou la résine, pour ne citer qu'eux, proposent d'autres avantages (saveurs, rituels de consommation, ...). En ce qui concerne la concentration optimale en CBD d'un produit, là encore, la réponse dépend des besoins du consommateur, de sa physiologie, son poids et sa sensibilité face à la molécule.
A l'heure actuelle, aucune loi ne fixe le prix d'un produit au CBD. Ce dernier sera donc à la discrétion de son revendeur mais pas que! En effet, il existe autant de produits au CBD que de concentrations différentes de la molécule. En général, plus un produit est concentré en CBD, plus il sera cher. De la même façon, un produit issu d'une agriculture raisonnée ou bio, fabriqué dans les meilleures conditions possibles (huile fullspectrum au CO2 supercritique) et transformé (fleur boostée aux cristaux CBD, icerock ...) sera plus couteux qu'un produit douteux, chimique ou vendu dans l'état (fleur naturelle). CQFD!
Lors d'un achat de produit au CBD, assurez vous de la transparence de ce dernier quant à sa provenance, sa qualité et la quantité de CBD effectivement présente dans le produit. En effet, certains vendeurs peu scrupuleux mettent en avant le terme CBD sur leurs produits même si ce dernier n'en contient que des traces!!!
Le CBD est réputé pour ses vertus relaxantes particulièrement efficaces pour lutter contre l'insomnie. Si grâce à ses propriétés, le CBD permet à son consommateur d'acquérir un meilleur sommeil, il ne le provoque pas.
Dans certains cas, le CBD est susceptible d'entraîner une légère somnolence. Cette dernière peut découler directement de l'état d'extrême relaxation que le CBD engendre! Afin de ne prendre aucun risque, il est donc déconseillé de prendre du CBD avant de conduire car, si le CBD ne fatigue pas, en revanche, il détend profondément.
Le CBD possède :
- des actions anti inflammatoires
- une action anti oxydante
- des effets relaxants
- un impact sur l'homéostasie du SEC (système endocannabinoïde)
Tous ces bienfaits influent sur un bon nombre de facteurs responsables directement ou indirectement du grossissement ou de l'amaigrissement d'un individu en fonction de sa physiologie.
Une activité physique régulière, une alimentation saine et un sommeil réparateur sont les clés d'une masse corporelle raisonnée au quotidien. Cette hygiène de vie permet, exécutée de façon plus drastique, à éliminer un surplus de graisse lors d'un régime. Le CBD peut donc, dans certaines situations, intervenir efficacement sur la prise ou la perte de poids en aidant naturellement l'organisme à se rééquilibrer face à une ou plusieurs perturbations.
- Order of February 22, 1990 establishing the list of substances classified as narcotics: https: //www.legifrance.gouv.fr/loda/id/JORFTEXT000000533085/2020-10-09/
- WHO Committee Report, November 2017: https: //www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/5.2_CBD.pdf
- Cannabidiol modulates serotonergic transmission and reverses both allodynia and anxiety-like behavior in a model of neuropathic pain; Danilo De Gregorio, Ryan J McLaughlin, Luca Posa, Rafael Ochoa-Sanchez, Justine Enns, Martha Lopez-Canul, Matthew Aboud, Sabatino Maione, Stefano Comai, Gabriella Gobbi; January 2019: https: //pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30157131/
- Cannabidiol Induces Rapid and Sustained Antidepressant-Like Effects Through Increased BDNF Signaling and Synaptogenesis in the Prefrontal Cortex; Amanda J. Sales, Manoela V. Fogaça, Ariandra G. Sartim, Vitor S. Pereira, Gregers Wegener, Francisco S. Guimarães & Sâmia R. L. Joca; Molecular Neurobiology, 2019: https: //link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12035-018-1143-4